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Corn, Beans Move Closer to Maturity


Published: Friday, September 23, 2022

The following is from the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service for the week ending Sept. 18.

A mostly dry week aided dry down and pushed corn and soybeans closer to maturity.

Soil moisture levels remained relatively stable from the previous week, with 68 percent of topsoil moisture reported as adequate or surplus.

The average temperature for the week was 67.5 degrees F, 1.3 degrees above normal.

The amount of rainfall varied from none to 2.61 inches over the week. The statewide average precipitation was .55 inches, .20 inches below normal.

There were 6 days suitable for fieldwork.

Ideal weather conditions aided dry down in corn and soybean fields, though the maturation of both crops still lagged their respective five-year averages and minimal harvest has been reported at this point.

Silage and seed corn harvests progressed last week amid the dry conditions, and winter wheat seedings began in some areas.

Hay harvest progressed as well, as the hay making season nears its end.

Livestock were reported in good condition, benefitting from renewed pasture growth from the previous week's rains.

Other activities for the week included tomato harvest, manure applications, and preparing equipment for harvest.

The crop progress schedule (last week, previous week, 2021 and 5-year average) showed: corn dented, 86, 73, 93, 86; corn mature, 29, 15, 52, 45; corn harvested for grain, 1, 0, 8, 6; corn harvested for silage, 66, 46, 75, N/A; soybeans dropping leaves, 42, 21, 60, 49; soybeans harvested, 1, 0, 7, 4; winter wheat planted, 2, 0, 6, 4; alfalfa hay, third cutting, 95, 91, 100, 96; alfalfa hay, fourth cutting, 53, 38, 72, 53; other hay, third cutting, 67, 53, 85, 83; other hay, fourth cutting, 6, N/A, 39, N/A.

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